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Most people outside the continent divide Africa into two regions; the Arabic-speaking North Africa, and everywhere else as Sub-Saharan Africa. However, Africa is a very diverse continent, and this division represents a somewhat shallow understanding of Africa.

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North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara)
The nations that rim the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the northwestern Atlantic coast of Africa.
Sahel (Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan)
The desert and savannah nations that span the Sahel and southern half of the Sahara Desert.
West Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo)
The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
Central Africa (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe, South Sudan)
The heart of Africa.
East Africa (Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Somaliland, Tanzania, Uganda)
The region that was the wellspring of the human race, comprising nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, plus a few neighbouring landlocked nations.
Southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
Nations at and near Africa's southern tip.



See Also