Most people outside the continent divide Africa into two regions; the Arabic-speaking North Africa, and everywhere else as Sub-Saharan Africa. However, Africa is a very diverse continent, and this division represents a somewhat shallow understanding of Africa.
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| North Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara)|
The nations that rim the southern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the northwestern Atlantic coast of Africa.
| Sahel (Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan)|
The desert and savannah nations that span the Sahel and southern half of the Sahara Desert.
| West Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo)|
The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
| Central Africa (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe, South Sudan)|
The heart of Africa.
| East Africa (Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Somaliland, Tanzania, Uganda)|
The region that was the wellspring of the human race, comprising nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, plus a few neighbouring landlocked nations.
| Southern Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe)|
Nations at and near Africa's southern tip.